Allocentric and egocentric updating of spatial memories

A cognitive map is "a mental model of objects' spatial configuration that permits navigation along optimal path between arbitrary pairs of points." This mental map is built upon two fundamental bedrocks: layout, also known as route knowledge, and landmark orientation.Layout is potentially the first method of navigation that people learn to utilize; its workings reflect our most basic understandings of the world.The researchers concluded with the explanation that the central executive employs cognitive strategies enabling participants to both encode and maintain mental representations during short-term memory tasks.

Supported by experimental results, we eventually show how explicit knowledge management, both symbolic and geometric, proves to be instrumental to richer and more natural human–robot interactions by pushing for pervasive, human-level semantics within the robot's deliberative system.

In cognitive psychology and neuroscience, spatial memory is that part of the memory responsible for the recording of information about one's environment and spatial orientation.

Many methods are used for measuring spatial memory in children, adults, and animals.

for instance, allowing someone to navigate through a familiar city.

Clustering shows that people tend to chunk information together according to smaller layouts within a larger cognitive map.

Boundaries, though, are not the only determinants of layout.One highly influential theory of WM is the Baddeley and Hitch multi-component model of working memory.Research into the exact function of the visuo-spatial sketchpad has indicated that both spatial short-term memory and working memory are dependent on executive resources and are not entirely distinct.Spatial memories are said to form after a person has already gathered and processed sensory information about her or his environment.For instance, the ability to work on a complicated mathematical problem utilizes one's working memory.We identify first the needed individual and collaborative cognitive skills: geometric reasoning and situation assessment based on perspective-taking and affordance analysis; acquisition and representation of knowledge models for multiple agents (humans and robots, with their specificities); situated, natural and multi-modal dialogue; human-aware task planning; human–robot joint task achievement.

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