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This article will look at the current trends in chronological studies and how they relate to the life of Abraham.

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For many years, Abraham was believed to have lived at the same time as Hammurabi, king of Babylon.

Later scholars would date Abraham to the period shortly before the reign of Hammurabi.

After its fall, circa 2000, Mesopotamia was divided between a series of kingdoms, Isin, Larsa, Eshnunna, Assyria, etc., with Mari and various local powers in lands farther north and west.

This situation lasted until the eighteenth century, when Hammurabi of Babylon eliminated most of his rivals.

Thus, from circa 2000 to 1750 (1650 at the extreme), we have the one and only period during which extensive power alliances were common in Mesopotamia and with its neighbors (Kitchen 2003, p. Kitchen explains it well why so many modern scholars date Abraham to the Isin-Larsa period.

However, the search for the Mesopotamian background for Abraham does not stop there.

Using 430 years would place the same event in 1921 during the Isin-Larsa period. Before the Akkadian Empire, Mesopotamia was divided between the Sumerian city-states, but this is far too early for our narrative (pre-2300).

To make things even more complicated many scholars seem to date Abraham (and the other patriarchs) to the Middle Bronze Age without being specific on whether Abraham lived during Ur III or Isin-Larsa (Albright 1963, pp. After an interval of Gutian interference, Mesopotamia was then dominated by the Third Dynasty of Ur, whose influence reached in some form as far west as north Syria and Byblos.

Mesopotamia was one of the earliest regions to be inhabited after the great Flood, and it was here that Abraham lived his early life.

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