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Colloquium on Conversational Systems (held on 25 November 2005) - Programme (PDF) / Presentations - from Chris, David, Huma, Lynne, Rich, Robby, Rollo, Simon, Vladimir / Photos - from David, Lynne, Robby, Ulrike The Animate Agent Project - is part of an on-going effort at the University of Chicago to understand the mechanisms required to create intelligent software and hardware agents that can work alongside people.Persona Project - at Microsoft Research is developing the technologies required to produce conversational assistants --- lifelike animated characters that interact with a user in a natural spoken dialogue.
Chatbots are typically used in dialog systems for various practical purposes including customer service or information acquisition.
Some chatterbots use sophisticated natural language processing systems, but many simpler systems scan for keywords within the input, then pull a reply with the most matching keywords, or the most similar wording pattern, from a database.
The term "Chatter Bot" was originally coined by Michael Mauldin (creator of the first Verbot, Julia) in 1994 to describe these conversational programs.
Today, most chatbots are either accessed via virtual assistants such as Google Assistant and Amazon Alexa, via messaging apps such as Facebook Messenger or We Chat, or via individual organizations' apps and websites.
Interface designers have come to appreciate that humans' readiness to interpret computer output as genuinely conversational—even when it is actually based on rather simple pattern-matching—can be exploited for useful purposes. While ELIZA and PARRY were used exclusively to simulate typed conversation, many chatbots now include functional features such as games and web searching abilities. Chatbot competitions focus on the Turing test or more specific goals.
Most people prefer to engage with programs that are human-like, and this gives chatbot-style techniques a potentially useful role in interactive systems that need to elicit information from users, as long as that information is relatively straightforward and falls into predictable categories. In 1984, a book called The Policeman's Beard is Half Constructed was published, allegedly written by the chatbot Racter (though the program as released would not have been capable of doing so). Two such annual contests are the Loebner Prize and The Chatterbox Challenge (offline since 2015, materials can still be found from web archives).
Thus, for example, online help systems can usefully employ chatbot techniques to identify the area of help that users require, potentially providing a "friendlier" interface than a more formal search or menu system. One pertinent field of AI research is natural language processing. both airlines had previously launched customer services on the Facebook Messenger platform.
This sort of usage holds the prospect of moving chatbot technology from Weizenbaum's "shelf ... Usually, weak AI fields employ specialized software or programming languages created specifically for the narrow function required. The bots usually appear as one of the user's contacts, but can sometimes act as participants in a group chat.
However Weizenbaum himself did not claim that ELIZA was genuinely intelligent, and the Introduction to his paper presented it more as a debunking exercise: [In] artificial intelligence ...
machines are made to behave in wondrous ways, often sufficient to dazzle even the most experienced observer.
But once a particular program is unmasked, once its inner workings are explained ...Tags: Adult Dating, affair dating, sex dating