Dating stoneware mineral water jug

In relatively more remote areas, the competition from the outside came much later so the styles did not change until later, if at all. After the plantation potteries ceased to exist, many of the potters began to migrate, finding work in whatever shop would hire them.

These itinerant potters were paid by the piece or gallon.

As stated above, because of competition and technology, local potters had to make their ware faster and cheaper.

dating stoneware mineral water jug-12

There was a dawning awareness at that time that lead glazes, very popular up till then, were actually dangerous. The acids naturally occurring in some foods would dissolve the lead from lead-based glaze, allowing it to be absorbed into the food.

When consumed over a long period of time, this tainted food could cause lead poisoning. Again, as a generalization, alkaline glaze was used extensively in many Southern potteries from the early 1800s until the end of the century.

It is what makes it distinctive from other pottery and very collectable.

But there are other glazes on Southern pottery, most notably salt glaze and slip glaze.

After the Civil War, these large storage vessels were no longer needed with the demise of the plantations.

Potters produced smaller containers like churns and canning jars for the local farmers and merchants.

Kreuzberg began bottling the mineral water from a spring he named “Apollinaris,” on his vineyard in the mid-1850s. The water was wildly popular and shipped worldwide until the factory closed.

One aspect of evaluating pottery, in my case Southern pottery, is determining its relative age. But I get questions from new collectors often that basically ask, how do I know if a particular piece of pottery I have is old? When you walk in the woods, how can you tell a pine tree from an oak? These potters followed the English tradition of ovoid-shaped pottery.

These forms tended to be less bulbous, but still had somewhat rounded sides.

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