Free trial phone chat mexican - Defining and validating chronic diseases

Such methods are not very useful and have poor validity for informing efforts to address the problem of maternal morbidity.

Chief among the reasons for the difficulty in accurately measuring maternal morbidity is the absence of a common definition and of standard identification criteria.

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The aim is to measure maternal morbidity rather than the burden of each condition.

In line with these principles and the newly-developed definition, the maternal morbidity framework includes the symptoms, signs, clinical tests and management strategies of relevant maternal conditions – similar to the approach used to identify morbidity in a case of maternal near miss – linked with the direct, indirect and incidental causes of maternal morbidity.

Maternal deaths have been described as the tip of the iceberg and maternal morbidity as the base.

For every woman who dies of pregnancy-related causes, 20 or 30 others experience acute or chronic morbidity, often with permanent sequelae that undermine their normal functioning.

In an effort to fulfil this need, WHO’s Department of Reproductive Health and Research – including the UNDP/UNFPA/UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development, and Research Training in Human Reproduction – initiated a project, with support from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, to improve the scientific basis for defining, measuring and monitoring maternal morbidity.

This four-year project is led and carried out by a technical working group, the Maternal Morbidity Working Group (MMWG), composed of obstetricians, physicians, midwives, epidemiologists, medical anthropologists, public health professionals and patient advocates from high-, middle- and low-income countries.Accurate and reliable data will allow for improved global, regional and local decision-making, optimal resource allocation and better planning of interventions to reduce maternal morbidity and, indirectly, maternal mortality as well.The MMWG has agreed on the following definition of maternal morbidity: “any health condition attributed to and/or aggravated by pregnancy and childbirth that has a negative impact on the woman’s wellbeing”.This problem is compounded by the inaccuracy of vital records due to inadequate health information systems.The causes of maternal morbidity are many and complex.In 2011, WHO published guidelines for defining and identifying a maternal near miss on the basis of clinical criteria, laboratory markers and management proxies.

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