Japan coin dating

In 1331, during the reign of Ch'unghyewang(忠惠王), bottle-shaped pieces of silver alloyed with copper and weighing about 454 grams were introduced as a form of money.Each of these bottle-shaped "coins" was worth the equivalent of one hundred pieces of linen.

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This coin had the inscription 開元通寶 ( which was the same as the coins cast during the reign of Emperor Gao Zu (高祖) of the Tang Dynasty.

However, use of these coins gradually declined and barter again became the predominant means of exchange.

This coin was cast in both bronze and iron and was based on the standard Chinese cash coin which was round with a square hole in the center. It was unearthed in the city of Kaiyuan (开原) in China's northeast province of Liaoning (辽宁省).

The bronze coins are much rarer than the iron ones and most of these coins have been found in China's northeast (Dongbei 东北) and in the northern part of the Korean peninsula.

The coin has the same Chinese character inscription, 乾元重寶 (, were added to the reverse side of the coin to indicate that the coin was from Korea which is a country east of China.

There is some controversy, however, concerning who actually produced the coin since no ancient Korean historical references mention it and the coin did not appear in any coin catalogues until 1938 when a Japanese coin catalogue (東亞錢志) attributed it as being Korean.

The arrowhead was 55 mm long with the stem adding an additional 52 mm to the length.

(文猷備考), the royal instructions regarding the "arrow coin" can be translated as follows: "Different moneys were used in different reigns but each one suits its time.

Nevertheless, Chinese coins dating back 2,000 years have been found in ancient Korean tombs proving that Korea was familiar with coinage long before the country began minting coins of its own.

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