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For this reason, it is often known as the Maya (or Mayan) Long Count calendar.Using a modified vigesimal tally, the Long Count calendar identifies a day by counting the number of days passed since a mythical creation date that corresponds to August 11, 3114 BCE in the Proleptic Gregorian calendar. The Aztec calendar was an adaptation of the Mayan calendar.
This 260-day cycle also had good-luck or bad-luck associations connected with each day, and for this reason, it became known as the "divinatory year." The "years" of the Tzolkin calendar are not counted. It consisted of 18 "months" of 20 days each, followed by 5 extra days, known as Uayeb. The names of the month were: In contrast to the Tzolkin dates, the Haab month names changed every 20 days instead of daily; so the day after 4 Zotz would be 5 Zotz, followed by 6 Zotz ... The Uayeb days acquired a very derogatory reputation for bad luck; known as "days without names" or "days without souls," and were observed as days of prayer and mourning.
Fires were extinguished and the population refrained from eating hot food.
The pyramid was used as a calendar: four stairways, each with 91 steps and a platform at the top, making a total of 365, equivalent to the number of days in a calendar year.
The Maya calendar was adopted by the other Mesoamerican nations, such as the Aztecs and the Toltec, which adopted the mechanics of the calendar unaltered but changed the names of the days of the week and the months. The Maya calendar uses three different dating systems in parallel, the Long Count, the Tzolkin (divine calendar), and the Haab (civil calendar).
The combination of a Haab' and a Tzolk'in date identifies a day in a combination which does not occur again for 18,980 days (52 Haab' cycles of 365 days times 73 Tzolk'in cycles of 260 days, approximately 52 years), a period known as the Calendar Round.
To identify days over periods longer than this, Mesoamericans used the Long Count calendar.
Although there were only 365 days in the Haab year, the Mayas were aware that a year is slightly longer than 365 days, and in fact, many of the month-names are associated with the seasons; Yaxkin, for example, means "new or strong sun" and, at the beginning of the Long Count, 1 Yaxkin was the day after the winter solstice, when the sun starts to shine for a longer period of time and higher in the sky. The available evidence indicates that the Mayas estimated that a 365-day year precessed through all the seasons twice in 220.127.116.11.0 or 1,101,600 days.
When the Long Count was put into motion, it was started at 18.104.22.168.0, and 0 Yaxkin corresponded with Midwinter Day, as it did at 22.214.171.124.0 back in 3114 B. We can therefore derive a value for the Mayan estimate of the year by dividing 1,101,600 by 365, subtracting 2, and taking that number and dividing 1,101,600 by the result, which gives us an answer of 365.242036 days, which is slightly more accurate than the 365.2425 days of the Gregorian calendar.
At right is the ancient Mayan Pyramid Chichen Itza, Yucatan, Mexico.
The Pyramid of Kukulkan at Chichén Itzá, constructed circa 1050 was built during the late Mayan period, when Toltecs from Tula became politically powerful.
) In ancient times, the Mayans had a tradition of a 360-day year. In one of them, they divided a 365-day year into eighteen 20-day months followed by a five-day period that was part of no month.Tags: Adult Dating, affair dating, sex dating