Psychological effects of dating abuse
Estimates of the population attributable risk (PAR) suggested that the elimination of child sexual abuse within the Christchurch cohort would have reduced the overall rates of mental health disorder in adulthood by 13% (Fergusson et al., 2008, p. A recent Australian study using quite a different methodology focused on completed suicides and fatal drug overdoses.This study did not rely on self-report data but was not able to take account of other contributory factors either early in life or closer to the fatality. (2010b) linked the forensic medical records of over 2,500 victims of child sexual assault in Victoria over a 30-year period with the coronial data for a 44-year-span follow-up.Importantly, not all victims of child sexual abuse develop mental health or adjustment difficulties in adulthood.
Many abused women define the psychological effects of domestic abuse as having a ‘more profound effect on their lives- even where there have been life-threatening or disabling physical violence .
Despite this, there is almost always pressure to define domestic abuse in terms of actual or threatened, physical violence.
This association, from age 16 to 25 years, persisted after taking account of other adverse factors in childhood such as physical abuse, problematic parent-child attachment, and parental history of illicit drug use (Fergusson et al., 2000, 2008).
There was no significant association between child sexual abuse and the family's socio-economic status.
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This work would not have been possible without the permission and assistance of the schools and school districts.
The effects were strongest for drug and alcohol dependence and bulimia nervosa. (2000), in an Australian twin study with 5,995 twin pairs, also found significant odds ratios for child sexual abuse and major depression, panic disorder, and alcohol dependence. (2002) in another Australian study involving 1,991 twin pairs found that in twins where one had been sexually abused and the other not, the abused twins had significantly higher rates of major depression, attempted suicide, conduct disorder, alcohol dependence, nicotine dependence, social anxiety, rape as an adult, and divorce.
Negative mental health effects that have been consistently associated in the research with child sexual abuse include post-traumatic symptoms (Canton-Cortes & Canton, 2010; O'Leary & Gould, 2009; Ullman, Filipas, Townsend, & Starzynski, 2007); depression (Fergusson et al., 2008; Nelson et al., 2002); substance abuse (Lynskey & Fergusson, 1997; O'Leary & Gould, 2009); helplessness, negative attributions, aggressive behaviours and conduct problems; eating disorders (Jonas et al., 2011); and anxiety (Banyard, Williams, & Siegel, 2001; Nelson et al., 2002).
Three waves of longitudinal data were obtained from 1,042 ethnically diverse high school students in Texas.
Participants completed assessments of psychological dating abuse perpetration, acceptance of dating violence, and internalizing symptoms (hostility and symptoms of anxiety and depression).
Emotional or psychological abuse can be verbal or nonverbal.Tags: Adult Dating, affair dating, sex dating