Recursive updating the eigenvalue decomposition of a covariance matrix
Teams of students will act as separate ‘consulting agencies’ and will carry out complete planning, analysis, design and construction planning for these components.The teams will be required to merge their designs of individual components of the entire project towards the end and present a consolidated plan, design and construction plan of the entire project.
Course content: Masonry materials and components; general design considerations for masonry structures per Indian and international standards; design of masonry beams; design of masonry loadbearing walls for concentric and eccentric axial loads, including slenderness effects; seismic performance of masonry buildings; an overview of the seismic design provisions contained in Indian standards; seismic design of masonry shear walls for in-plane and out-of-plane seismic loading; seismic design of unreinforced, reinforced, and confined masonry buildings; seismic evaluation and retrofit of masonry buildings.
Hydraulic processes: control volume approach, continuity, energy, momentum, velocity distribution, Hydrologic processes: introduction to hydrology, precipitation, evaporation, and infiltration, Surface runoff: drainage basins and storm hydrograph, hydrologic losses, unit hydrograph, Streamflow routing: hydrologic reservoir routing, hydrologic river routing, hydraulic routing, Introduction to pipe flow: classification of flow, head losses, forces in pipe flow, Introduction to open channel flow: steady uniform flow, specific energy and specific forces, steady and gradually varied flow, rapidly varied flow, discharge measurement, Introduction to groundwater flow: groundwater concepts, saturated flow, steady state one dimensional flow, steady state well hydraulics, transient well hydraulics, and boundary effects An overview of remote sensing, Electromagnetic radiation principles, Remote sensing data collection, Geometric correction, Image enhancement, Image interpretation, Image classification, Band transformation, Thermal infrared remote sensing, Change detection, Feature extraction, Monitoring of land and water resources, Accuracy assessment, Remote sensing of soil, vegetation, water, and urban areas, Object oriented classification, and Spectral Indices.
Open Channel Flow: Uniform flow, Critical flow, Gradually varied flow (GVF), Computations in GVF, Sediment transport, Design of canals, Hydraulic jump, Flow past sharp- and broad-crested weirs, Design of spillways, Flood routing, Dam-break flow, Hydraulic design of bridges Pipe Flow: Head losses in pipes, Pipe network analysis, Transients in pipes, Detection of leak and partial blockage Flow measurements and laboratory scale modeling Earthquakes: structure of earth, movement of plates, types of faults, P wave, S wave, surface waves, characterization of earthquakes and earthquake-induced ground motion; response spectra for individual ground motion records, site-specific response spectra, design spectra; single-degree-of-freedom systems; multi-degree-of-freedom systems; analysis, design and detailing of RC frames based on state-of-the-art and various codes IS 456, IS 1893 & IS 13920; Special topics: selection and scaling of ground motions, characterization of seismic hazard, seismic analysis and design of bridges, retaining walls, liquid-storage tanks, dams etc., design of non-structural components, passive structural control Stability of slopes, stability analysis, seismic analysis, probabilistic analysis, design of earth embankments and dams; Earth pressure theories; Earth retaining structures: rigid and flexible, Braced excavation; Reinforced earth structures; Buried structures, Case studies.
Transients in pipe flows: Causes of transients; Governing equations; Method of characteristics, Transients caused by centrifugal pumps, Hydraulic transients in long oil pipelines, Resonance in pressurized piping system, Methods to control transients, surge tanks.
Review of performance-based design concepts, LRFD cold design of RCC and steel structures; codified models for fire, standard and natural fire; material behavior of steel and concrete constituents in fire; estimation of time-temperature curves for structural members in different fire and exposure/ventilation scenarios; design considerations for individual members exposed to fire: structural members in tension, compression, bending; provisions in Eurocodes and IS 456, 800, 1641, 16 to ensure fire safety; fire proofing materials used to enhance fire resistance of structural members; behavior of structural systems under fire; preventive/protective systems for structures.
Open channel flow; Computations in gradually varied flows and rapidly varied flows; Mathematical description of flow and sediment transport;1-D/2-D/3-D computations in river flows; Dam break flow on rigid and mobile beds; Meandering of rivers; River training works including flood protection due to river overflow,levee, river bed lining,bridge pier protection due to river water flow; Design of bridges, dams, spillways; Irrigation control structures; Indian standards related to river engineering; Flow measurements in rivers; Physical modeling of river flows; Protection of river water from pollution; Introduction to various Indian agencies (CWC, NIH, CWPRS etc.); Field trip to a river; Project work .Identification of different rock types and landforms in the area.A big construction project will be considered and will be sub-divided into several components.Geotechnical investigations, reconnaissance and investigation plan, drilling, sampling, field-tests, groundwater level, laboratory tests, etc.; Stress-strain-strength behavior of soils, Triaxial tests – UU, CU and CD tests, stress paths, Skempton’s pore-pressure parameters, sample disturbance; Stability of slopes, limit equilibrium methods, ordinary methods of slices and simplified Bishop method, factors of safety; Seepage and stability of earth embankments, Types of foundations - shallow/deep, isolated, combined, mat, etc., contact pressure distributions, soil - foundation interactions, basics of structural design; Design of shallow foundation, bearing capacity, stress distribution in soils, total and differential settlement, plate-load test, structural forces and design; Retaining structures, gravity, cantilever, counterfort, reinforced earth, etc., design and checks for stability; Design of deep foundations, piles, pile groups, well foundations, shaft and base resistances, downdrag, pile load tests; Special topics – Geosynthetics, reinforced earth structures, ground improvement techniques, machine foundations.Cost estimating and bidding: material estimates, labor and equipment costs, cost control, purchasing, tender bidding; Project scheduling: bar charts, PERT, CPM, network diagrams; Project management: quality assurance, crisis management, claims management, safety; Construction machinery and methods; Construction accounting and budgeting; Construction law: building codes, local laws, approvals, environmental impact; arbitration; Construction blueprint and plan reading, environmental considerations; Client relations; Introduction to use of project management software Role of constitutive modeling; Importance of laboratory testing with relation to constitutive modeling; Elasticity: linear, quasilinear, anisotropic; Plasticity basics: yield criteria, flow rule, plastic potential, hardening/softening; Rate Independent Plasticity: Mohr-Coulomb, Non-linear failure criteria, Drucker-Prager, and cap models; Critical state soil mechanics: critical state concept, cam-clay models and simulation; Stress-dilatancy theory; Work hardening plasticity theory: formulation and implementation; Applications of elasto-plastic models; Special Topics: hypoelasticity-plasticity, disturbed state concept.Degrees of indeterminacy (flexibility & stiffness); Trusses (including types of trusses), beams and frames: determinate and indeterminate structures, cables and arches; moment area theorem; conjugate beam method; principle of virtual work; energy method; Castigliano’s theorems; unit-load and unit-displacement theorems; reciprocal theorems; Betti's and Maxwell's theorem; method of consistent deformations; slope-deflection method; displacement based methods; influence lines; Muller-Breslau's principle; moment distribution method; column analogy method; Introduction to matrix method.Tags: Adult Dating, affair dating, sex dating