Secure jewish dating

Today, Romania boasts a Jewish population of 9,500.

The first real major wave of Jewish immigrants spread through Walachia (a Romanian principality founded around 1290) after they had been expelled from Hungary in 1367.

The collective tax was paid from the tax on kosher meat, the expenses of the institutions (talmud torah, hekdesh, cemetery) were covered by the remainder.

With the exception of physicians, Jews were not accepted as witnesses in trials.

In the codes of 17, the Jews are scarcely mentioned.

Table of Contents: Romania The territory of present-day Romania was known as Dacia in antiquity and Jewish tombstones dating from early times have been found there.

The Jews may have come as merchants or in other capacities with the Roman legions that garrisoned the country from 101 C. and early missionary activity in Dacia may have been due to the existence of Jewish groups there.

When two counties of Moldavia were annexed by their neighbors (Bukovina by Austria in 1775 and Bessarabia by Russia in 1812), the Jews from these countries preferred to move to Romanian Moldavia, where they were not harassed by the authorities and had both family and business connections.

Jewish merchants exported leather, cattle, and corn.

On the other hand, the first books of anti-Jewish incitement of a religious character appeared around this time: the Golden Order (Jassy, 1771) and A Challenge to Jews (Jassy, 1803).

In 1719, a hakham bashi, Bezalel Cohen, was first appointed for Walachia and Moldavia by the suzerain, the sultan.

As they were foreign subjects they asked their consuls to intercede and, in 1819, the prince of Moldavia decided that the hakham bashi should have jurisdiction only over "native" Jews.

Because of strife among the diverse groups of Jews and their complaints to the authorities, the hakham bashi system was abolished in 1834.

Since it was on the trade routes between Poland-Lithuania and the Ottoman Empire many Jewish merchants traveled through Moldavia, the second Romanian principality (in the northeast), founded in the middle of the 14th century.

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